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import os, argparse, hashlib, email, email.header, glob, sqlite3
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Parses emails into an SQLite database, and optionally renders static HTML files.')
parser.add_argument('-p', dest='pattern', action='store', default='*',
help='glob pattern (including path) that has to be matched for a file to be parsed')
parser.add_argument('-d', dest='database', action='store', default='emails.db',
help='path of the database that should be used to store the emails (will be created if it does not exist yet)')
parser.add_argument('-a', dest='attachment_dir', action='store', default='attachments',
help='path where attachments should be stored (will be created if it does not exist yet)')
parser.add_argument('-r', '--render', dest='render', action='store_true',
help='render static HTML files using the template files in templates/')
args = parser.parse_args()
options = vars(args)
def getheader(header_text, default="ascii"):
headers = email.header.decode_header(header_text)
header_sections = [unicode(text, charset or default) for text, charset in headers]
return u"".join(header_sections)
def find_submessages(message):
if message.is_multipart():
return [find_submessages(part) for part in message.get_payload()]
return message
def flatten(x):
result = []
for el in x:
if hasattr(el, "__iter__") and not isinstance(el, basestring):
return result
def get_charset(part):
if part.get_content_charset():
return part.get_content_charset()
elif part.get_charset():
return part.get_charset()
return "ascii"
# Connect to database
database = sqlite3.connect(options['database'])
cursor = database.cursor()
# Create attachment directory first
except OSError:
# Try to create emails table
cursor.execute("CREATE TABLE emails (`message_id`, `from`, `to`, `subject`, `date`, `body`, `html`, `hash`)")
except sqlite3.OperationalError:
# Try to create attachments table
cursor.execute("CREATE TABLE attachments (`message_hash`, `filename`, `type`, `hash`, `size`)")
except sqlite3.OperationalError:
# Select all files matching the given pattern
file_list = glob.glob(options['pattern'])
for email_file in file_list:
message = email.message_from_file(open(email_file))
if message['message-id'] is None:
print "%s is not a valid e-mail file." % email_file
if 'subject' not in message or message['subject'] is None:
subject = ""
subject = message['subject']
textbody = ""
htmlbody = ""
attachment_list = []
sha1_hash = hashlib.sha1("%s/%s/%s/%s" % (message['from'], message['to'], message['message-id'], subject)).hexdigest()
message_parts = [find_submessages(message)]
message_parts = flatten(message_parts)
for part in message_parts:
if part.get_filename() is None:
# Part of the message
if part.get_content_type() == "text/plain":
if textbody == "":
textbody = part.get_payload(decode=True).decode(get_charset(part))
elif part.get_content_type() == "text/html" or part.get_content_type == "text/xhtml+xml" or part.get_content_type == "application/xhtml+xml":
if htmlbody == "":
htmlbody = part.get_payload(decode=True).decode(get_charset(part))
# Technically this is supposed to be part of the message body, but we have no idea what format it is in...
print "WARNING: Unknown message format encountered in %s, message may be incomplete." % sha1_hash
# Attachment
attachment_data = part.get_payload(decode=True)
attachment_sha1 = hashlib.sha1(attachment_data).hexdigest()
attachment_filename = part.get_filename()
attachment_type = part.get_content_type()
attachment_extension = os.path.splitext(attachment_filename)[1][1:]
attachment_size = len(attachment_data)
attachment_destination = "%s/%s.%s" % (options['attachment_dir'], attachment_sha1, attachment_extension)
attachment_list.append((attachment_filename, attachment_type, attachment_sha1, attachment_size))
attachment_file = open(attachment_destination, "w")
timestamp = 0
new_row = (getheader(message['message-id']), getheader(message['from']), getheader(message['to']), getheader(subject), timestamp, textbody, htmlbody, sha1_hash)
cursor.execute("INSERT INTO emails VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)", new_row)
print "Successfully parsed and inserted e-mail with SHA1 hash %s." % sha1_hash
if len(attachment_list) > 0:
for attachment in attachment_list:
new_row = (sha1_hash, attachment[0], attachment[1], attachment[2], attachment[3])
cursor.execute("INSERT INTO attachments VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?, ?)", new_row)
print "Successfully inserted %d attachment(s) for %s." % (len(attachment_list), sha1_hash)
print "Changes successfully committed to database, exiting..."